See also BREAKING: I know where Syria's President Bashar al-Assad is! published last night.
From the Guardian we have:
Syrian regime issues 48-hour deadline to Damascus rebelsAnd from the Telegraph we have:
Luke Harding in Beirut, Martin Chulov and Julian Borger
Thursday 19 July 2012 15.13 EDT
The Syrian military gave residents 48 hours to leave the parts of Damascus now held by rebel forces as it prepared a counterattack aimed at retaking control of its power base and pushing back four days of dramatic rebel gains.
Fears grow Syria will use chemical weapons stockpileSo you put these two breaking news stories together and you have to wonder: Did that 48 hour notice start a count down clock on the worst chemical attack since Saddam Hussein killed 5,000 Kurds in 1988?
By Thomas Harding, Defence Correspondent
9:33PM BST 19 Jul 2012
British military intelligence chiefs told The Daily Telegraph there was a "high probability" of the Assad regime resorting to chemical agents following the assassination of three senior Syrian military figures in a bomb attack on Wednesday.
A source said that the killings amounted to a "red line crossed" for the regime and that a chemical attack could come "soon" as a result. "The threat is genuine," the source added.
Syria has one of the largest stockpiles in the Middle East, including nerve agents, sarin, anthrax and mustard gas. With the Assad regime teetering on the brink, Western powers have expressed concern that it might be tempted to unleash these weapons.
Many new defects yesterday. Here is a sampling:
Major Muntassa Khalid defected & joined the FSA in Lattakia
Defection: Formation of the FSA "Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib"
Captain Abdullah Zali defected and joined the FSA in Rastan
Colonel Abdul Basset Muhammad defected and joined the FSA
Brigadier General Abdul-Karim Al-Ahmad defected and joined the FSA
WE also have this report from EAWorldView today:
Syria & Bahrain Live Coverage: 217 Die Amid Question, "Where's Bashar?"
Friday, July 20, 2012 at 6:05 | James Miller
Insurgents take over a post on the Turkish border on Thursday
Shooting and smoke on the streets of Harasta:
1523 GMT: Syria. So the extension of the UN mission in Syria is temporary.
British Amb says if things on the ground don't change in 30 days,observers will be withdrawn,anyone see any chance for a real change? #syria Rula Amin (@RulaAmin) July 20, 2012
No Rula, certainly nobody at EA sees any chance that the situation will magically improve in 30 days. But at least the observers will have a front-row seat for some serious fireworks.
1516 GMT: Syria. This just in...
As Scott Lucas just said to me, that's a big surprise. After all, what could the UN monitoring mission possibly accomplish, as most of the observers have been confined to hotel rooms for much of the last several weeks?
In the end, Scott Lucas had a single concise summary:
"The sideshow must go on."
1510 GMT: Bahrain. The opposition party AlWefaq has posted several pictures of today's protests:
Of course, as some activists are reporting, these things have a tendency to turn quickly in Bahrain:
26 in Damascus, 23 in Idlib, including 10 unidentified corpses,25 in Damascus Suburbs, 18 in Daraa, 16 in Deir Ezzor, 11 in Hama, 12 in Homs, and 14 in Aleppo.
1445 GMT: Syria. According to Syrian State TV, Hisham Ikhtiar, the national security chief, has died of wounds he received in Wednesday's bombing that left at least 3 other high-ranking regime officials dead.
We also are seeing videos like this, taken earlier today, showing large protests in the area.
1426 GMT: Syria. Dramatic images from the center of Damascus.
We believe that this video was taken not far from the police headquarters, right in the center of the city (map). This is not the only report of a violent disruption of protests there. The video below shows protesters shot in the street. Yet another, posted by the CFDPC, shows a graphic image of a young boy, probably 12 or 13, reportedly shot dead in the area.
1400 GMT: Syria. This would be nearly unthinkable video just a few weeks ago, but now it was almost expected:
Saleh el Dine (map) is at the heart of the peaceful protests in Aleppo, Syria's largest city, and a city that has been spared, thus far, this kind of scene. However, protests have been growing larger and larger for many months, and the regime crackdown against them has grown increasingly violent. Two weeks ago, scores were killed when the regime forces opened fire with snipers and heavy machine guns. Last week, for the first time, we saw Free Syrian Army fighters escorting the protests in response. Now, Aleppo may have taken its first steps towards a fate that is very familiar to the rest of the country.
26 martyrs in Damascus, 20 martyrs in [Idlib] including ten unidentifed bodies, 18 in Damascus suburbs, 18 martyrs in Daraa, 16 martyrs in Dair Ezzor, 11 martyrs in Hama and 10 martyrs in Homs.
The numbers speak for themselves - there is heavy violence in every corner of Syria. some of the violence is the result of battles between the FSA and the regime, but most of the reports we've seen today are of an older narrative - the regime firing on peaceful anti-government protesters.
It's sadly safe to say that this death toll will almost certainly rise.
1318 GMT: Syria. It's Friday. We're talking Syria. So we're focused on 3 narratives - the protests, the crackdown on the protests, and the continual fight between the Free Syrian Army and the regime. Let's start with a story that is a mix of protest and battle...
Yesterday, there were reports that Kurdish forces, independent from the Free Syrian Army, took the town of Kobani, and Kurdish forces working with the Free Syrian Army took or made significant gains in Afrin and Manbij, all towns in northern Aleppo province (map). Today, we have this video, reportedly showing the removal of the Assad governments flag and the raising of the Kurdish flag on the police station in Amouda, in Hassaka governorate (map), another sign that the Kurds are actively pursuing the control of many of these border towns.
It's also interesting that in these areas there have been almost now reports of actual violence, though there are reports of some fighting in Amouda before this video was taken. This suggests that the Kurdish elements are very strong, and the Assad government is no longer interesting in fighting in some of these rural areas away from major cities.
1313 GMT: Syria. James Miller takes over today's live coverage, with a big thanks to Scott Lucas for getting us to the afternoon.
Let's start with a very important update from our friends at The Guardian.
Syrian banks are reported to be running out of cash and a rush to find safe housing has caused rents in some places to spike to $100 per night, the UN refugee agency UNHCR said today.
The UNHCR's chief spokeswoman, Melissa Fleming, told a briefing in Geneva:
"We've heard reports that many of the banks have just run out of money.
"I just have a report from our staff that says state and private banks are reported to be out of funds. Whether this is all banks, I don't know.
"This is specifically relevant to the refugee population as reported but it's probably also affecting the Syrian population."
Why is this important? A bank run will definitely shake confidence in the regime. When confidence goes, defections will rise.
1205 GMT: Syria. Wladimir Van Wilgenburg offers a series of updates on his blog of developments in the Kurdish areas, including this video of residents of Kobani celebrating and defacing images of President Assad after the opposition took control of the town:
1133 GMT: Syria. Journalist Sander van Hoorn reports that President Assad was not at today's funeral of Minister of Defense Dawoud Rajha, who was killed in Wednesday's Damascus bomb. Van Hoorn adds these observations:
Coffin held high, emotions were heated. Christians here blame foreign media (in part) for their situation #Syria. Sander van Hoorn (@svhoorn) July 20, 2012
"God, Syria, Bashar, nothing else" ppl shouted as the coffin of Daoud Razja was carried from church to graveyard #Syria Sander van Hoorn (@svhoorn) July 20, 2012
1123 GMT: Syria. A demonstration today in Tremseh in Hama Province --- last week, at least 103 people were slain in the town:
A local insurgent commander said Syrian forces, backed by armorred vehicles, moved into the district and took control of the market area. He said, "It is a tactical withdrawal. We are still in Damascus."
"The situation there is so bad," said Khalid al-Jawadi, a 60-year-old retired teacher from Baghdad.
"There is fighting, gunfire -- it is a war there, everywhere. We escaped because we were very afraid of dying."
Standing near his wife and four children, Jawadi added: "I will never, ever, return to Syria."
An Iraqi Airways Captain said 750 Iraqis had been flown out of the Syrian capital since Thursday, with two more flights of evacuees expected Friday. Thousands of Iraqis have also crossed the land border into Iraq in the last 24 hours.
The United Nations refugee agency had expressed concern for the safety of 88,000 Iraqi refugees in Syria, after a family of seven was found shot dead in a Damascus apartment and three other Iraqis were killed by gunfire last week. A representatives thousands of refugees, mainly Iraqi, who have been living in the Damascus suburb of Saida Zainab --- where about 60 people were reportedly killed this week when a funeral procession was hit by a shell --- had fled their homes due to violence and "targeted threats".
About 600 men voted in a school to select nine of 21 candidates for the "Local Revolutionary Council."
Only males were allowed to cast ballots.
A funeral for three victims, including a child, in Daraa Province:
Aksakal anticipates, however, that the insurgents will again take the post, as the Assad military is spread so thinly in the area.
0938 GMT: Syria. Reports from Dutch journalist Sander van Hoorn an hour ago:
0930 GMT: Syria. Al-Manar TV, the outlet of Lebanon's Hezbollah, is reporting that Hisham Bekhtyar, the head of Syria's National Security Council, has died from injuries suffered in Wednesday's Damascus bomb.
About 150 insurgents held the post, opposite Turkey's Cilvegozu border crossing in Hatay Province, amid burnt-out trucks and the blood-stained, bullet-riddled building. Regime soldiers reportedly abandoned the site.
0850 GMT: Syria. A correspondent for Time magazine reports on the fighting in Saraqeb in Idlib Province, following news of Wednesday's bomb in Damascus that killed senior regime officials, that reportedly killed dozens of people:
â??Is it real? Is it really almost over?â? asked a young FSA [Free Syrian Army] fighter who took up arms a year ago. â??Iâ??m so sick of guns, bullets, bombs.â?
He didnâ??t have to wait long for his answer. Later Wednesday night, just before 11 p.m., a rocket landed near the Brek family home, killing a little girl, her brother and her mother as well as her two aunts and another woman from her family.
Perhaps it was bravado, perhaps it was a sense that the regime was on the back foot, or perhaps it was just a desire to end a drawn-out conflict that had left townsfolk weary, and even little girls able to differentiate the sound of a sniper bullet from other forms of gunfire. Whatever the reason, the rebels of Saraqeb were determined to take out the Kaban Checkpoint on Thursday.
The first tank shell landed on the home of a regime supporter, eliciting smug reactions from many of the young men gathered outside an FSA outpost in one of the townâ??s schools. That turned into peals of laughter when one man drove the white fire truck up the street to put out a small fire near his own home. â??Heâ??s not from the fire department,â? said Abu Ahmad. â??Itâ??s self service,â? he said, using the English term.
Intense gunfire suddenly erupted. The thud of mortars pounded positions within the town. A helicopter circled overhead before unloading several rockets into a residential area called the northern neighborhood. The power and cell phone service was out, but an hour into the battle several young activists fired up a generator, hooked up an internet connection and called nearby FSA units via Skype asking for help. â??Listen brother, the power is out here so the line might cut out. We need RPGs, two, three as many as you have. Brother, itâ??s a very difficult situation now, mortars, tanks and thereâ??s a helicopter now too. Whoever can come, come.â?
0810 GMT: Syria. The People's Daily, linked to the Chinese Communist Party, has followed up Thursday's veto by China and Russia of a United Nations Security Council resolution with a pointed accusation, "Frankly speaking, Western countries attempted to push the United Nations to vote for the sanction resolution in order to get the green light for their military intervention."
After the vote on the resolution for sanctions, passed 11-2 but blocked by the vetoes, Russia's UN ambassador Vitaly Churkin said the resolution aimed to "open the path to the pressure of sanctions and further to external military involvement in Syrian domestic affairs".
0800 GMT: Syria. Journalist David Enders, who has been four times this year and most recently in June, comments on Democracy Now! about Wednesday's Damascus bomb and the latest fighting, "I think what weâ??re seeing is just the government crumbling under the weight of a massive rebellion. It simply canâ??t put it down."
Enders said of claims of foreign insurgents, including those linked to Al Qa'eda, leading the campaign, "The uprising is made up of Syrians who are fighting to topple their own government."
At least three generals have reportedly defected this week, amid hundreds of refugees leaving Syria.
0751 GMT: Syria. Claimed footage of the National Security Building, with white smoke rising from it, after Wednesday's bomb that killed senior members of the regime:
0635 GMT: Syria. The website of the Bahraini Police hails a successful visit by Minister of Interior Shaikh Rashid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa to the US, including discussions with CIA Director David Petraeus; FBI Director Robert Mueller; and Michael Posner, the Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor; Deputy National Security Advisor Denis McDonough; and senior members of Congress.
According to the website, the Minister of Interior highlighted Bahraini reforms which "led the way to a democratic approach....He stressed that the incidents in Bahrain were not internal matters since they received outside support to escalate them to the level of violence and vandalism".
Al Khalifa reportedly said, "We understand that security and civil peace cannot be achieved by force or through violence and terror but through respect for the law and loyalty to the nation in order to achieve justice. This is a sign of wise governance by HM the King."
The website exalts US acclaim for the message:
Gen. David Petraeus appreciated HM the Kingâ??s reforms and his wise decision to set up the BICI. He also hailed the police role towards extremists and in the discovery of explosives and thanked Bahrain for supporting the Coalition forces in Afghanistan.
Meanwhile, Robert Mueller highlighted the importance of Bahrain as a strong ally and friend of the US. He agreed with HE the Minister about the exaggerations by the media in their coverage of the events in Bahrain and expressed his readiness to cooperate in training and fighting terror and cyber crimes.
Michael Posner appreciated the Kingdomâ??s efforts towards international cooperation and its commitment to world conventions. He also expressed his understanding of what policemen were facing by way of threats and challenges due to the extremistsâ?? activities and the nature of Bahrain's environment. He said the solution could only be a political one and hoped for the integration of all sections of society in police forces. He also appreciated the government efforts to implement the BICI report and the Ministryâ??s efforts to implement the police code of conduct.
Four lines of cars waiting to enter Lebanon were backed up for nearly a kilometre (0.6 mile) at Masnaa on Thursday afternoon.
The influx began Wednesday evening, hours after news of the bomb killing high-ranking members of the regime.
0515 GMT: Syria. On Thursday, a day after a bomb killed at least three top members of the regime, questions swirled about President Assad. The leading rumour, backed by activists and a Western diplomat, was that he had left Damascus --- before or after the bomb was unclear --- for the coastal city of Lattakia.
An Assad aide claimed that the President was still in the capital, leading a meeting on the response to Wednesday's attack. Later in the day, State media broadcast images of Assad attending the swearing-in of the new Minister of Defense, replacing a predecessor killed in the bombing.
Some still disputed the "live" appearance of Assad. This morning the website of the State news agency SANA offers no further information --- it is off-line.
Meanwhile, fighting continued across the country. Insurgents reportedly made significant advances in Aleppo Province, taking at least three towns, and seized posts on the Turkish and Iraqi borders.
The Local Coordination Committees of Syria said 217 people had been killed by security forces. The total included 70 deaths in Deir Ez Zor Province 40 in the Damascus suburbs, 33 in Idlib Province, 21 in Homs Province, 16 in Hama Province, 15 in Damascus, and 14 in Daraa Province.
Thousands of miles away, at a United Nations Security Council meeting, Russia and China were vetoing a resolution invoking "Chapter 7" sanctions over the use of deadly force against civilians.
The final vote was 11-2 in favour, with two abstentions.
The formation of a new militia by Druze in Quneitra, a village on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights.
Here are my related diaries on Syria:
BREAKING: I know where Syria's President Bashar al-Assad is!
BREAKING: Massive Fire near #Assad's Presidential Palace in #Damascus, #Syria
BREAKING: Is Syria's Bashar al-Assad dead or dying?
BREAKING: Damascus explosion kills Defense Minister, other key figures
The battle for Damascus is coming
BREAKING: General Strike in Damascus
BREAKING: Intense fighting reported in Damascus now!
BREAKING: Syrian defector spills beans as important new defection reported.
Does Syria's Assad have something on Kofi Annan?
Tremseh Massacre in Syria: What we know
BREAKING: ~227 reported massacred by Assad's forces in Tremseh, Syria today!
Syria: Is Assad regime on the verge of collapse?
BREAKING: Russian Warships reported in Syria
BREAKING: #Russia changing on #Assad but not as fast as conditions in #Syria
UN Observers say violence in Syria is Unprecedented
BREAKING: Defection of major Assad insider reported in Syria
BREAKING: WikiLeaks releases 2.4 million #Syria emails
When did "Never Again" become "Whenever?" | #Douma
BREAKING: Incredible mass rally in Aleppo, Syria today!
BREAKING: HRW releases torture report on Syria
BREAKING: Syrian General defects with 293 to Turkey
BREAKING: Items not in the MSM on Syria
My response to Phyllis Bennis: Where is the non-violent opposition in Syria?
BREAKING: Syrian Air Force attacks Douma, 10m from Damascus, thousands flee
BREAKING: As Syria Burns, UN Blows More Smoke
BREAKING: Kofi Annan to propose Syrian unity gov't sans Assad!
BREAKING: Douma, Syria under massive attack, another massacre feared
BREAKING: Another mass defection from Syrian army
BREAKING: #NATO says No War in #Syria shoot down of #Turkey jet
NATO meetup tomorrow as more defect from Syria
BREAKING: Turkey calls for NATO consult on downing of jet by Syria
BREAKING: Senior Syrian Officers Defect
UPDATED: Russia reported to be preparing to evacuate from Syria
BREAKING: Syria fighter pilot defects
BREAKING: Britain stops Russian ship carrying attack helicopters for Syria
BREAKING: Russian troops headed to Syria
Qaddafi forces Strike Back in Libya
BREAKING: UN suspends mission in Syria
Libya & Syria - two videos - no comment
BREAKING: Russia denies supplying Syria with NEW attack helicopters
Syrian people rise up against the massacre
Another "Houla style" massacre in Syria
Fake Houla Massacre Photo: Was the BBC set up?
Idlib, Syria protest today on anniversary of Kent State killings
BREAKING: Massive protests in Syria following Friday pray
Syria is bleeding
Syria: Ceasefire faltering as mass protests breakout